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Table of Contents »

Role of nasal challenge and local eosinophilia in indirect exposure to cat in allergic rhinitis patients


M. Al Ahmad1,2 Alahmadm@hsc.edu.kw, N. Arifhodzic2, J. Nurkic2, E. Jusufovic3, A.L. Hanoun2, T. Rodriguez2

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Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.50

Summary
Introduction. Sensitization to cat allergens is common worldwide. Currently, there is a trend towards costly and often unavailable diagnostic analysis. Objectives. The aim is to assess the reliability of skin prick test (SPT) and serum specific IgE (ssIgE) to cat sensitization, by performing nasal challenge test (NCT) in a community with low cat ownership but common presence of stray cats. Patients and methods. Forty-one pa-tients with perennial allergic rhinitis (AR) who were mono or polysensitized (includ-ing cat) were included. We had 31 cat non-owners and 10 present cat owners. SPT (> 5 mm / diameter), ssIgE (>/= 0.70 IU/ml), nasal smear for eosinophil (Eo) and NCT were compared between groups. Outcomes included nasal challenge score, nasal Eo positivity, peak inspiratory and expiratory flow (PIF and PEF) 2 and 8 hours after the NCT, and were compared to baseline. Results. Baseline SPT wheal size and ssIgE level were similar in both groups. NCT positivity was more frequent in cat owners. The strongest nasal reaction was on the top concentration in both groups. Nasal Eo posi-tivity in cat owners was higher before and 2 hours after NCT, but similar to non-owners at last measurement. NCT positive cat non-owners had bigger SPT wheal size than NCT negative non-owners, but smaller than NCT positive cat owners. In contrast to PEF, a significant fall in PIF was noticed in both groups. Mono and polysensitised patients showed similar NCT positivity. Conclusion. Stray cats may pose a relevant risk of developing perennial AR. Regardless of cat ownership status, SPT and ssIgE should be the first diagnostic tool. Nasal Eo and NCT seem to be good diagnostic tools in cat non-owners if diagnosis is elusive.

Key words
cat; sensitization; nasal challenge; nasal eosinophil


Cite this article as:
Al-Ahmad M, Arifhodzic N, Nurkic J, Jusufovic E, Hanoun AL, Rodriguez T. Role of nasal challenge and local eosinophilia in indirect exposure to cat in allergic rhinitis patients. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018;50(3):125-131. doi:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.50

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