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Table of Contents »

Cypress pollen allergy is responsible for two distinct phenotypes of allergic rhinitis different from other pollinosis


L. Pahus1 laurie.pahus@ap-hm.fr, M. Gouitaa2, T. Sofalvi2, K. Alagha2, D. Gras3, P. Chanez4, D. Charpin5

Show more: Authors information and Publication history

Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.34

PubMed - Scopus

Summary
Different phenotypes of allergic rhinitis have been identified based on the seasonality of the allergen involved. Within pollinosis, importance has to be paid to the responsible pollen species. Guidelines for clinical management are mostly based on studies performed in patients with grass pollen allergy. Only few data is available on tree pollen allergy and more specifically on cypress pollen allergy. We focused on the clinical and biological features of cypress pollen allergy to determine whether it is associated with a specific phenotype of allergic rhinitis or not. Our results suggest that cypress pollen can be responsible for two distinct phenotypes of rhinitis, both different from other pollinosis. In the most common phenotype, cypress pollen was not responsible for bronchial hyperresponsiveness or systemic inflammation. Close attention has to be paid to the allergen involved in allergic rhinitis. Different phenotypes leading to different pharmacological strategies may apply.

Key words
allergic rhinitis; bronchial hyperresponsiveness; cypress pollinosis; united airway disease; inflammatory cytokines

Cite this article as:
Pahus L et al. Cypress pollen allergy is responsible for two distinct phenotypes of allergic rhinitis different from other pollinosis. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018;50(1):28-35. doi:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.34

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