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Pattern of inpatient referrals to a drug allergy unit in Kuwait


M. Al-Ahmad1,2 Alahmadm@hsc.edu.kw, T. Rodriguez Bouza2

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Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.18

Summary
Introduction. There is no information regarding the pattern of inpatient referrals to drug allergy units in Kuwait. Objectives. The main goal of this study is to clarify the pattern of inpatient referrals to a drug allergy unit in terms of incidence, drugs implicated and allergy evaluation outcomes in comparison with studies in other countries. Patients and Methods. A retrospective chart review of inpatient drug allergy consultations at Al-Rashed Allergy Center over a 3-year period was performed. Results. A total of 51 patients were referred for drug allergy consultations, with an estimated incidence of reported drug allergy among inpatients of 0.008%. There is an increasing trend of referrals from public health centres located in proximity to Al-Rashed Allergy Center. Beta-lactams, contrast media, and general anaesthetics were the most common drugs leading to referrals. In total, 30% of patients were diagnosed with an allergy to the offending drug after a full allergy evaluation. Conclusion. Inpatient drug allergy referrals are highly underreported in Kuwait.

Key words
drug hypersensitivity; inpatients; Kuwait; referral and consultation

FULL TEXT
Cite this article as:
Al-Ahmad M et al. Pattern of inpatient referrals to a drug allergy unit in Kuwait. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017;49(6):276-280. doi:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.18