Hyper-IgM Syndrome – a case report and a clinical perspective


The authors describe the case of a 28-year-old woman, with a history of recurrent bacterial infections since childhood and multiple hospitalizations for pneumonia, with important pulmonary sequelae, including bronchiectasis which warranted the need to perform a left lobectomy and lingulectomia at age 13. After diagnostic work up, the diagnosis of hypogammaglobulinemia with hyper-IgM was established, and she began regular replacement IV immumoglobulin treatment, with good tolerance and no side effects. A sequencing of the entire coding region (exons 1-5) of the AICDA gene was performed, and a homozygous c.260G>C mutation was identified, confirming the diagnosis of type 2 hyper-IgM syndrome. This case illustrates the negative impact that a delay in diagnosis and hence delay in treatment has in patients with primary immunodeficiency since early therapy is the only way to reduce the incidence and severity of complications.

European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ISSN 1764-1489 | © 2024