2.3
2022

Factors effecting natural course of egg allergy

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Authors Information

Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey

History

Published: 02 March 2023
Accepted: 17 February 2023
Received: 06 September 2022

SUMMARY

Background. There is limited data about the natural course of egg allergyin the literature. We aimed to analyze the factors that can affect the tolerance or persistence of egg allergy. Methods. A total number of 126 IgE-mediated egg allergic patient who had data about tolerance gaining were included in the study. Demographic and laboratory data were recorded retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier curves was used for estimation of resolution and the factors related to resolution by Cox regression model. Results. Among 126 patients, 81 (64.2%) had gained tolerance with a median survival time of 48 months (min: 12-max: 121). Tolerance was gained in 22.2% (n = 28) of these patients in the first 2 years of life, in 46.8% (n = 49) in 2-6 years, 3.1% (n = 4) between 7-12 years. In univariate analysis, baseline sIgE level was < 8.2 (Hazard ratio: 2.193; 95%CI 1.309-3.674; p = 0.003), no history of anaphylaxis (at initiation or during OFC) (Hazard ratio: 11.292; 95%CI2.766-46.090; p = 0.001) and baseline egg SPT < 11 mm (Hazard ratio:2.906; 95%CI 1.424-5.930, p = 0.003) were found to be related to earlier resolution of egg allergy. In multivariate analysis, only anaphylaxis was significantly related to later resolution (Hazard ratio: 6.547; 95%CI 15.80-27.434; p = 0.01). Conclusions. Higher levels of egg sIgE, skin prick test induration and anaphylaxis at onset or during oral food challenge, can give hint about persistence of egg allergy.

KEY WORDS
Egg allergy; egg specific IgE; skin prick test induration; persistence; tolerance.

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