2.3
2022

Drug allergy is associated with the development of extraintestinal manifestations in patients with ulcerative colitis

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Authors Information

1Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinic, Department of Gastroenterology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México City, Mexico
2Programa de Estudios Combinados en Medicina (PECEM), Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), México City, Mexico

 

History

:
Published online: 03 October 2019
Accepted: 28 August 2019
Received: 24 September 2018

SUMMARY

Drug allergies are developed by antibody or cell-mediated reactions as immunologic mechanisms. It has been demonstrated that hypersensitivity reaction to certain allergens may play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) focused on food allergies. A total of 256 patients with UC were divided in two groups: 203 patients with active UC and 53 in remission UC were included in the present study. In the present study we found that 11.7% had allergy to at least one drug distributed. The most frequent drug-allergies were sulfonamides in 2.8% and penicillin in 3.1%. Sulfonamide allergy was associated with several extraintestinal manifestations such as: peripheral arthritis/arthralgia (OR = 9.06, 95% CI 1.71 – 48.00, p = 0.002); pyoderma gangrenosum (OR = 24.10, 95% CI 3.55 – 163.48, p < 0.0001) and uveitis (OR = 15.93, 95% CI 2.55 – 99.23, p < 0.0001). The frequency of drug allergy was 11.7% in Mexican UC patients, most frequently to sulfonamides and penicillin drugs. The presence of sulfonamide allergy was associated with the presence of several extra-intestinal manifestations.

KEY WORDS
drug allergy; ulcerative colitis; extraintestinal manifestations; IBD

Table of Content: Vol. 52 (No. 1) 2020 January

European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ISSN 1764-1489 | © 2024