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Spiritual well-being and quality of life are impaired in chronic urticaria


S. D. Dortas Junior sdortasjr@ufrj.br, G. G. Azizi, R. N. Moret, R. M. Bastos Junior, S. O. R. Valle

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Doi
10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.189

Summary
Background.
Patients with chronic urticaria (CU) often report an impaired quality of life (QoL). Although a positive effect of addressing spirituality in healthcare has been proved in several chronic diseases, its potential role in CU has received no attention. Objective. We aim to evaluate spirituality and QoL in CU subjects. Methods. In a single-centre observational study, 100 CU subjects were investigated using Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-SpiritualWell-Being (FACIT-Sp-12) scale, Chronic Urticaria Quality of life Questionnaire(CU-Q2oL) and Urticaria Control Test (UCT). Results. Of 100 subjects, 82 were female and 18 were male. It was observed that subjects with poorly controlled CU presented FACIT Sp-12 meaning/peace (p = 0.004) significantly lower, and CU-Q2oL (p < 0.0001) significantly higher (worst QoL) than subjects with controlled CU. There was no difference in the FACIT Sp-12 faith (p = 0.43) between groups. There was moderate direct correlation between FACITSp-12 faith and FACIT Sp-12 meaning/peace (r = 0.483; p < 0.0001; n =100). There was a significant strong inverse correlation between the CU-Q2oLand the UCT (r = - 0.762; p < 0.0001; n = 100). No correlation was found between the FACIT Sp-12 faith and CU-Q2oL, neither with UCT. Conclusions. No study has ever investigated the role of spirituality in managing patients with urticaria. Our findings support the impact of poorly controlled urticaria inspiritual well-being and QoL. Therefore, clinicians should pay more attentionto spirituality among CU patients. We suggest that urticaria guidelines should include specific recommendations on spirituality assessment.

Key words
Angioedema; chronic inducible urticaria; chronic spontaneous urticaria; quality of life; spirituality.

Cite this article as:
Dortas Junior SD, Azizi GG, Moret RN, Bastos Junior RM, Valle SOR. Spiritual well-being and quality of life are impaired in chronic urticaria. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2021;53(5):221-227. doi: 10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.189.

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