Predictor of buckwheat allergy in children based on challenge test results: a retrospective observational study in Japan

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1Division of Allergy, Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
2Clinical Research Support Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan


Published: 02 July 2021
Accepted: 02 July 2021
Received: 06 January 2021


Backgorund. Buckwheat (BW) is a major food allergen and one of the leading causes of food-induced anaphylaxis in Japan. The standard method of diagnosing food allergy is the oral food challenge (OFC). The BW-specific IgE (BW-sIgE) value is used to assess BW allergy but its utility is limited. Aim. The aim of the present study was to identify factors with predictive value for the diagnosis of BW allergy using the OFC. Methods. We evaluated 37 patients who were classified into the positive or negative group according to their OFC results. Results.Ten patients (27.0%) showed objective or persistent, moderate, subjective symptoms during the OFC. The positive group had a significantly higher BW-sIgE/total IgE ratio than the negative group (p < 0.001), but the total IgE (p = 0.139) and BW-sIgE (p = 0.130) did not differ significantly. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the BW-sIgE/total IgE ratio had a larger area under the curve (AUC, 0.885) than BW-sIgE (AUC, 0.667). The statistically optimal cut-off was 0.0058 for the BW-sIgE/total IgE ratio, which corresponded to a clinical sensitivity and specificity of 90.0% and 81.5%, respectively. Conclusions. BW-sIgE/total IgE ratio may be more useful predictor of BW OFC results than BWs-IgE.

Buckwheat; food allergy; oral food challenge; predictor; specific-total IgE ratio.
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