2.3
2022

Dupilumab in patients with atopic dermatitis: assessing treatment response, clinical features and potential biomarkers in real-life

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Authors Information

1Department of Immunoallergology, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal
2University Clinic of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
3Instituto de Medicina Molecular João Lobo Antunes, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal

History

Published: 09 April 2024
Accepted: 08 April 2024
Received: 04 January 2024

SUMMARY


Background.
 The clinical and pathophysiological heterogeneity of atopic dermatitis (AD) endophenotypes is associated with wide diversity in response to therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to dupilumab in a group of AD patients and identify clinical/immunological features associated with different patterns of response.  Methods. A retrospective observational study was performed, including 30 adults with AD who completed 12 months treatment with dupilumab, in a Portuguese Immunoallergology Department. Demographic, clinical, and immunological data were analyzed, including total serum IgE, sensitization to aeroallergens, peripheral eosinophilia and inflammatory biomarkers (sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and lactate dehydrogenase-LDH). Patients who achieved EASI-75/EASI ≤ 7, SCORAD-75/SCORAD ≤ 24, NRS-pruritus ≤ 4 or DLQI≤5 at 6 months of treatment were considered responders and those that achieved all these goals at 16 weeks were considered super-responders.  Results. Clinical evaluation revealed a significant reduction in median SCORAD, EASI, DLQI, NRS-pruritus and NRS-sleep over 12 months on dupilumab (p < 0.01), in parallel with decrease in serum Th2 pathway biomarkers and LDH. All patients responded to dupilumab, and 26.7% were super-responders, supporting that dupilumab is highly effective in moderate to severe Th2-high AD. Conclusions. In this cohort, none of the evaluated biomarkers at baseline were associated with a better/earlier clinical response to dupilumab. Dupilumab treatment for 52 weeks resulted in a significant and sustained reduction in blood levels of total IgE and allergen-specific IgE to aeroallergens. The potential long-term clinical benefit of these effects, even after discontinuing dupilumab therapy in patients with AD, should be explored to a greater extent.

KEY WORDS
Atopic dermatitis; dupilumab; IgE; LDH; Th2.

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European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ISSN 1764-1489 | © 2024