2.3
2022

Current update on anaphylaxis: anaphylaxis management in recent guidelines

Show more: Authors information and Publication history
Authors Information

Allergy Service, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, Ramón y Cajal Institute for Health Research (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain

History

Published: 18 July 2023
Accepted: 18 July 2023
Received: 18 May 2023

SUMMARY

Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal hypersensitivity reaction but frequently underrecognized. Although its incidence rates vary according to geographical location, it seems clear that there has been a general increase in recent years, either because of greater recognition of this entity or because it is progressing proportionally to the presence of allergic diseases in the world. The development of anaphylaxis management guidelines adapted to local or regional needs seems of utmost importance. Furthermore, it is necessary to assess their implementation and their positive effect regarding diagnosing and treating anaphylaxis. In this review we explore the currently existing definitions of anaphylaxis and its epidemiology, the potential triggers of anaphylaxis and guideline recommendations in terms of diagnosis and management, proposing a novel anaphylaxis calculator and reviewing the current scoring methods for anaphylactic episodes.

KEY WORDS
Anaphylaxis; hypersensitivity reaction; adrenaline; epinephrine; Immunoglobulin E.

Table of Content: Vol. 56 (No. 2) 2024 March

European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ISSN 1764-1489 | © 2024