2.6
2023

A real life cohort of mepolizumab treatment in severe eosinophilic asthma

Show more: Authors information and Publication history
Authors Information

1Department of Pneumology, Hospital La Paz, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid,  IdiPAZ, and CIBER of Respiratory Diseases, Madrid, Spain
2Department of Allergy, Hospital La Paz, IdiPAZ, and CIBER of Respiratory Diseases, Madrid, Spain
3Pfizer, Spain


History

Published: 16 March 2023
Accepted: 23 February 2023
Received: 19 October 2022

SUMMARY

Background. Mepolizumab, a monoclonal antibody that interacts with IL-5, was the first anti-IL-5 approved for uncontrolled severe eosinophilic asthma. In several randomized, placebo-controlled trials, treatment with me­polizumab has shown a significant improvement in asthma symptoms and the need to use of oral corticosteroids (OCS). Several studies have correlated blood levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) with the degree of eosino­philic inflammation, which could make it an indirect marker of eosinophilic activity. Methods. This was a single-center retrospective study that included all patients diagnosed with severe eosinophilic asthma under treatment with mepolizumab. We recorded the number of exacerbations, daily prednisone intake, asthma control test scores and forced expiratory volume in the first second. Results. We followed 22 patients, 14 of whom were OCS-dependent with a mean daily dose of 15.85 ± 15.62 mg prednisone. After 12 months, only five continued taking OCS and the mean daily dose was reduced by up to 2.50 ± 3.84 mg (p < 0.007). The exacerbation rate at baseline was 2.91 ± 2.27 and decreased to 0.82 ± 1.14 in the following year (p < 0.001). ACT scores increased significantly from 16.00 ± 5.85 to 20.71 ± 4.45 after six months (p = 0.003). We also observed a decrease in ECP from 81.46 ± 43.99 μg/L to 19.12 ± 18.80 μg/L (p > 0.001). Conclusions. These real-life results are consistent with previous clinical trials demonstrating the efficacy and safety of mepolizumab in routine clinical practice for severe uncontrolled eosinophilic asthma. We observed a significant decrease in blood eosinophil counts and in ECP levels, suggesting a reduction in eosinophil activity follow­ing mepolizumab treatment.

KEY WORDS
Asthma; anti-IL5; oral systemic corticosteroids; mepolizumab; eosinophils. 

Table of Content: Vol. 56 (No. 4) 2024 July

European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ISSN 1764-1489 | © 2024