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Atopic Dermatitis Host and Environment Model: Revisiting Therapeutic Options


A. Lopes1, A. Sokolova2, C. Abreu3, C. Lopes cristina.lopes.abreu@gmail.com4,5

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Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.125

Summary
Atopic Dermatitis (AD) affects both children and adults and is a serious health concern in many countries. AD is a complex disease with host and environmental factors underlying its pathology. Its treatment is multidimensional reflecting the diverse nature of its triggers and includes emollients, topical steroids and calcineurin inhibitors among others. Immunological dysfunction can be addressed broadly with systemic immunosupressors and specifically with monoclonal antibodies. Dupilumab, which targets IL-4 and IL-13 was granted approval for treatment of moderate-to-severe AD. Biologics targeting IgE/Th2 pathways may have its role in patients with overlapping AD and asthma. Psychological distress can exacerbate symptoms and is associated with increased severity of AD. Environmental triggers, such as, allergens can be addressed in selected cases with allergic immunotherapy. In this paper, we discuss AD treatment and propose a new step-by-step approach aiming at maintaining disease control and improving quality of life.

Key words
atopic dermatitis; therapeutics; immunologic factors; environment; quality of life

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