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Contents »

Quality of life improvement with allergen immunotherapy treatment in patients with rhinoconjunctivitis in real life conditions. Results of an observational prospective study (ÍCARA)


J. Cuesta-Herranz1, J.J. Laguna2, R. Mielgo3, I. Pérez-Camo4, A.M. Callejo5, L. Begoña leire.begona@roxall.es 6, M.C. Gomez6, B. Madariaga 6, A. Martinez6

Show more: Authors information and Publication history

Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.104

Abstract
Objectives.
Evaluate the changes in quality of life of patients with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR), with or without asthma, after one-year treatment with allergen immunotherapy. Methods. This was an observational prospective multicenter study. RQLQ questionnaire and VAS scale to assess treatment satisfaction were used. Impact on AR and asthma was also analyzed. Any adverse reaction was recorded. Results. 127 patients were recruited. Mean values in RQLQ decreased from 2.61 to 1.34 points, reflecting a statistically and clinically significant improvement (p < 0.01). The percentage of asthmatic patients decreased significantly (p < 0.01). Mean value of patients' satisfaction was 7.24 (SD = 1.90). Only 11 patients presented systemic reactions (9.17%), none of them serious. Conclusions. One-year AIT treatment significantly increases QoL in patients with AR. Moreover, high patients' satisfaction values were reported, together with an adequate safety profile.

Key words
allergic rhinoconjunctivitis; allergen immunotherapy; AIT; quality of life; HRQoL; RQLQ