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Allergy in adolescent population (14-18 years) living in Campania region (Southern Italy). A multicenter study


G. Liccardi1-2 gennaro.liccardi@tin.it, L. Calzetta2-3, G. Apicella1, G. Baldi4, A. Berra5, F. Califano6, A. Ciccarelli7, M. Cutajar8, M. D'Amato9, G. De Crescenzo10, E. Di Maro1, D. Gargano11, D. Giannattasio12, G. Inciso13, M. Lo Schiavo6, F. Madonna14, M. Maniscalco15, C. Montera6, G. Papa16, A. Pedicini17, R. Pio6, A. Salzillo1, A. Stanziola9, P. Rogliani2-3, A. Musarra18

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Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.65

Summary
Adolescents (Ad) constitute a difficult to manage population among individuals suffering from asthma. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, clinical characteristics and age of onset of allergic sensitization and clinical symptoms in a sample of atopic Ad living in the Campania region (Southern Italy). Sixteen Allergy units or Centers belonging to the Italian Association of Hospital and Territorial Allergologists (AAIITO, Campania region) participated in this cross-sectional study. A case report form (CRF) was specifically designed for this study and commercial allergen extracts used for screening SPTs were provided by ALK-Abelló Group (Milan, Italy). A total of 443 patients were examined (females, f 220, 49.6 %; males, m 223, 50.3%). Dust mites represent the most common sensitizing agents in allergic Ad living in Campania region (Dermatoph. pteronyssinus 67.4% and Dermatoph. farinae 66.5%), followed by Parietaria (58.9%), grasses (45.8%), Artemisia vulgaris (16.7%), Olea Europaea (32.2%), dog dander (17.1%), cat dander (20.0%), Alternaria alternata (8.1%), Cupressus sempervirens (4.9%), Betula pendula (4.7%), other allergens (19.4%). An interesting comparison has been made between clinical data of our Ad with data of elderly patients (E). The role of allergic sensitization is significantly higher in Ad compared to E. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus is the first sensitizing allergen in Ad and the last in E. Parietaria constitutes the first sensitizing pollen both in Ad and E, the percentage of sensitization is higher in Ad. Another important difference is the higher prevalence of As, as only symptom, in E compared to Ad (19.7% versus 7.6%). In conclusion, our findings confirm the high prevalence and clinical significance of airway allergic sensitization in the adolescents living in Campania region.

Key words

adolescents; allergy; allergic rhinitis; allergic sensitization; bronchial asthma; Campania region; elderly; hypersensitivity