Can dose reduction be made in patients with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis receiving high-dose omalizumab treatment?
E. T. Korkmaz, O. Aydın, D. Mungan, B. A. Sin, Y. S. Demirel, S. Bavbek email@example.com Show more: Authors information and Publication history
Division of Immunology and Allergy, Department of Chest Diseases, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, TurkeyHistory
Published: 18 July 2022
Accepted: 18 July 2022
Received: 31 March 2022
To reduce the omalizumab dose in patients with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) who were on long-term omalizumab treatment. Methods.
Once asthma was controlled, two approaches were used to reduce total monthly omalizumab dose, 1) both extending dose intervals from 2 to 4 weeks and decrease omalizumab dose, 2) to reduce omalizumab dose while keeping dose intervals stable. Results.
Thirteen patients with ABPA (8F/5M, mean age 53.4 ± 13.0 years) were included. Pre-omalizumab, mean blood eosinophil count was 723.1 ± 547.1 cells/mcL, mean numbers of attacks and hospitalizations were 2.5 ± 1.5 and 1.3 ± 0.8, respectively. Median total monthly omalizumab dose was 750 (min 300, max 900) mg. First and 2nd
approach to reduce omalizumab dose was used in nine and four patients with a median time of reduction 32 (min 13, max 47) months. The 2nd
dose reduction was made in four patients at median of 23.5 months. Pre-omalizumab, mean oral corticosteroid (OCS, as methylprednisolone) dose was 12.2 ± 10.4 mg daily, it decreased to 0.69 ± 0.95 mg (p = 0.001) in the 1st
year of omalizumab and could be stopped in 11 patients. Attacks and hospitalizations decreased to 0.31 ± 0.86 (p < 0.001) and 0 (p = 0.003), respectively, in the 1st
year of omalizumab. Total omalizumab dose was reduced by median 40% (min 20, max 60) in 1st
intervention and 50% (min 20, max 67) after 2nd
intervention. After omalizumab reduction, asthma control did not deteriorate and there was no need to increase the omalizumab or OCS-dose. Conclusions.
Decreasing the total omalizumab dose does not cause clinical deterioration in ABPA after the disease is controlled.
Omalizumab; ABPA; asthma; asthma control; omalizumab dose reduction. FULL TEXT