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Home administration of biological treatment in severe asthma in real-life experience: impact on asthma control and quality of life


S. Rodrigues Sousa sofiasousa091@gmail.com, A. Tenda, I. Farinha, A. Carvalho, C. Chaves Loureiro

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Doi
10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.248

Summary
Introduction. Several biological agents for the treatment of severe asthma have been approved for self-administration on an outpatient basis in the last years. However, data on the impact of home administration in outcomes such as asthma control and quality of life in real-life settings are sparse. Being this knowledge crucial for clinical practice, this study aimed to assess asthma control and quality of life in patients who transitioned from day hospital administration of biological therapy to home administration. Methods. A single-center prospective analysis of 33 patients treated with biologics for severe asthma, who switched from hospital to home treatment was performed. Asthma Control Test (ACT), Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT), Asthma Life Quality (ALQ) and the number of exacerbations were assessed 3 months before and 3 and 6 months after of home-use. Results. ACT and CARAT did not show statistical differences comparing to the baseline values (21.8 2.7 and 23.8 5.5) within 3 months (22.1 2.4, p = 0.609; 23.2 5.3, p = 0.572) or 6 months (23.4 0.9, p = 0.553; 23.7 6.2, p = 0.149) of home administration. Also, ALQ score did not show meaningful variations between baseline (9.5 3.2) and after 3 months (11.2 4.4, p = 0.275) and 6 months (10.3 3.8, p = 0.209) of home-use. Regarding asthma exacerbations, we did not record a significant difference comparing to the baseline values of 3 months/patient exacerbations (0.2 0.4) and after 3 months (0.2 0.5, p = 0.786) or 6 months (0.2 0.4, p = 1.000) of change in modality treatment. There was no cases of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse effects in those patients treated at home. Conclusions. Transition of day hospital administration of biologic treatment for severe asthma to home administration did not lead to any deterioration of asthma control or quality of life. Our results emphasized the efficacy and safety of home administration of biologic treatment and provide support on changing the paradigm of the administration of biological treatment in severe asthma.  

Key words

biological treatment; severe asthma; home administration; self-administration.

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