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Table of Contents »

Local anesthetics allergy: who should be tested?


İ. Yilmaz1 insu2004@yahoo.com, S.K. Özdemir2, Ö. Aydin3, G.E. Çelik3

Show more: Authors information and Publication history

Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.38

PubMed - Scopus

Summary
Objective. To document the test results of patients referred to our clinic for testing with local anesthetics (LAs) in real life conditions and provide data related to the ne-cessity of these tests. Methods. All consecutive subjects who were referred to be eval-uated for LA allergy during a two-year follow up were included in the analysis. All sub-jects underwent skin prick / intradermal tests followed by a subcutaneous provocation test with the LAs tested. Results. A total of 228 subjects were included. The main re-ferral reason was the presence of a history of drug hypersensitivity reaction (DHR) to drugs other than LAs (n = 128; 56%), whereas a history of LA allergy constituted the second most common referral reason (n = 64, 28.1%). In the majority of cases (n = 39; 60.9%), the culprit LA was not known by the patients. Asthma was the third most common referral reason, presented in 49 cases (21.5%). Ten cases had positivity to the tested LA in skin testing / challenges. Nine out of 10 patients had a history of DHR to drugs other than LA, whereas 5 of them had also a history of DHR to LA. Six of the 10 patients had a history of multiple DHR. None of the asthma patients without any DHR history were positive in the LA tests. Eight out of 10 cases who underwent skin testing / challenge with an alternative LA, tolerated the alternative LA. Conclusion. The most common referral reason for testing with LA was a history of DHR to drugs other than LAs, whereas asthma was the third most common referral reason. Patients with a history of multiple DHR may be considered for testing with LAs. Asthmatics and those with other allergic diseases without a history of drug / LA allergy do not need to be tested with LA.

Key words
allergy; asthma; drug hypersensitivity reaction; local anesthetics


Cite this article as:
Yilmaz İ, Özdemir SK, Aydin Ö, Çelik GE. Local anesthetics allergy: who should be tested? Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018;50(2):66-71. doi:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.38

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