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Biomarkers of treatment efficacy in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria


M. Sánchez-Borges1,2 sanchezbmario@gmail.com, A. Capriles-Hulett1,3, F. Caballero-Fonseca1,3, L. González-Aveledo4

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Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.24

Summary
Background. Currently there are no biomarkers useful to predict the future evolution and the therapeutic response in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Objective. To review the available information on biomarkers that might be applied for the follow up of the response to guideline recommended therapies for CSU. Methods. A review of the medical literature on CSU potential clinical and laboratory biomarkers in PubMed and MEDLINE including the terms urticaria, chronic urticaria, chronic idiopathic urticaria, chronic spontaneous urticaria, antihistamines (AHs), omalizumab (OMA), cyclosporine (CyA), and treatment. Results. Clinical manifestations that were associated to poor responses to AHs were atopy, asthma, rhinitis / rhinosinusitis, thyroid disease, hypertension, higher disease activity and duration. Laboratory markers of AH resistance that have been reported include Complement C5a fraction, Autologous Serum Skin Test (ASST), Basophil Activation Test (BAT), D-dimer and LCN2 adipokine. Basophil Histamine Release Assay (BHRA), ASST, and basophil CD203c-upregulating activity in the serum correlated with favorable response to OMA, whereas disease duration and severity, BAT, BHRA, and D-dimer levels were associated with better responses to CyA. Conclusion. Some promising biomarkers useful for patient management in CSU, have been identified in the literature. There is, however, an urgent need of new, easy-to-perform markers that can be made widely available for the optimal care of patients suffering CSU.

Key words
antihistamines; biomarkers; chronic urticaria; cyclosporine; omalizumab

Cite this article as:
Sánchez-Borges M et al. Biomarkers of treatment efficacy in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018;50(1):5-9. doi:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.24

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