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Effects of food allergy on the dietary habits and intake of primary schools' Cypriot children


E. Vassilopoulou vassilopoulouemilia@gmail.com, C. Christoforou, E. Andreou, A. Heraclides

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Doi
https://doi.org/10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.07

Summary
Aim
. To determine whether food allergy affects overall dietary intake and food choices in Cypriot primary school children. Methods. As part of the first epidemiological study on food allergy in primary school children in Cyprus, two 24-hour recalls (one from a week and one from a weekend day) of 28 food allergic children (21 girls) and 30 healthy children (20 girls) aged 6-11 years old, were analysed and compared regarding their macro- and micronutrient content, food choices and meal distribution. Results. Significant differences between the two subgroups of children were estimated regarding the total energy intake and macronutrients, where food allergic children were found to consume in lower quantities, as well as for calcium, niacin, fiber and vitamin E. Food allergic children were also found to avoid combining foods from the various food groups in their meals and preferred specific food products from each category, whereas they consumed higher amounts of sugar and fructose. Conclusion. Food allergy in Cypriot food allergic children impacts on both the quality and quantity of food choices, probably due to lack of nutritional education regarding proper elimination diet and alternative nutrient sources.


FULL TEXT
Cite this article as:
Vassilopoulou E et al. Effects of food allergy on the dietary habits and intake of primary schools' Cypriot children. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017;49(4):181-185. doi:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.07