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Eosinophil fungal rhinosinusitis caused by Fusarium infection secondary to odontogenic maxillary sinus disease: when collaboration between otolaryngologist and allergologist leads to the correct diagnosis and therapy


P. Gamba, C. Lombardi

Rhinitis and sinusitis usually coexist and are concurrent in most individuals; thus, the correct terminology is now "rhinosinusitis". On the basis of numerous causative factors, often co-existing in the same patient, the diagnosis of rhinosinusitis is also made by a wide variety of practitioners (allergologists, otolaryngologists, pulmonologists, primary care physicians, paediatricians, and many others). Approximately 5-15% of the population suffers from chronic
rhinosinusitis, and in 10-12% of them, it is of dental origin. The treatment of odontogenic maxillary sinus disease is directed to the management of the rhinosinusitis and of the odontogenic source. The widespread use of dental implants and reconstructive procedures for dental implant placement has led to new types of complication, as in this case report, due to chronic eosinophilic rhinosinusitis secondary to Fusarium infection in the maxillary sinus. The patient was initially evaluated by the allergologist, and subsequently successfully treated by the otolaryngologist with Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. The advantages of endoscopic sinus surgery include more accurate visualization, no external incision, reduced soft tissue dissection, and reduced hospital stay. Chronic maxillary sinusitis of dental origin is a common disease that requires treatment of the sinusitis as well as of the odontogenic source.

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